Psychosocial Predictors of Nicotine Dependence among Women during Their Mid-Sixties

Judith S. Brook, Chenshu Zhang, David W. Brook, Jonathan Koppel, Martin Whiteman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although there is considerable research demonstrating the prospective association between earlier maladaptive personal attributes and later nicotine dependence, there is less work on the psychosocial mediators of this relationship. Maladaptive personal attributes appear in the form of depression, anxiety, and interpersonal sensitivity. This study was designed to assess the prospective relationship between earlier maladaptive personal attributes (mean age = 40) and later nicotine dependence (inline image age = 65.2) within an understudied female community sample. The participants were given self-administered questionnaires. The results supported a model by which earlier maladaptive personal attributes predicted later nicotine dependence through several indirect pathways. In addition to cigarette smoking, several domains mediated the relation of earlier maladaptive personal attributes and later nicotine dependence. These domains included internal factors (ie, later maladaptive personal attributes), interpersonal factors (ie, marital/partner conflict), later contextual factors (ie, family financial difficulty). Our multidimensional longitudinal findings have important implications for the prevention and treatment of nicotine dependence. The results identify earlier and later significant psychosocial risk factors to be targeted, and suggest the timing of interventions to reduce or eliminate nicotine dependence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-312
JournalThe American Journal on Addictions
Issue number4
Early online date12 Jun 2012
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Psychosocial Predictors of Nicotine Dependence among Women during Their Mid-Sixties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this