Quantifying baryon effects on the matter power spectrum and the weak lensing shear correlation

Aurel Schneider, Romain Teyssier, Joachim Stadel, Nora Elisa Chisari, Amandine M.C.Le Brun, Adam Amara, Alexandre Refregier

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Feedback processes from baryons are expected to strongly affect weak-lensing observables of current and future cosmological surveys. In this paper we present a new parametrisation of halo profiles based on gas, stellar, and dark matter density components. This parametrisation is used to modify outputs of gravity-only N-body simulations (following the prescription of [1]) in order to mimic baryonic effects on the matter density field. The resulting baryonic correction model relies on a few well motivated physical parameters and is able to reproduce the redshift zero clustering signal of hydrodynamical simulations at two percent accuracy below k∼10 h/Mpc. A detailed study of the baryon suppression effects on the matter power spectrum and the weak lensing shear correlation reveals that the signal is dominated by two parameters describing the slope of the gas profile in haloes and the maximum radius of gas ejection. We show that these parameters can be constrained with the observed gas fraction of galaxy groups and clusters from X-ray data. Based on these observations we predict a beyond percent effect on the power spectrum above k=0.2-1.0 h/Mpc with a maximum suppression of 15-25 percent around k∼ 10 h/Mpc. As a result, the weak lensing angular shear power spectrum is suppressed by 15-25 percent at scales beyond ℓ∼ 100-600 and the shear correlations ξ + and ξ - are affected at the 10-25 percent level below 5 and 50 arc-minutes, respectively. The relatively large uncertainties of these predictions are a result of the poorly known hydrostatic mass bias of current X-ray observations as well as the generic difficulty to observe the low density gas outside of haloes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number020
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 11 Mar 2019


  • cosmological simulations
  • power spectrum
  • weak gravitational lensing
  • X-rays


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