Abstract
Feedback processes from baryons are expected to strongly affect weaklensing observables of current and future cosmological surveys. In this paper we present a new parametrisation of halo profiles based on gas, stellar, and dark matter density components. This parametrisation is used to modify outputs of gravityonly Nbody simulations (following the prescription of [1]) in order to mimic baryonic effects on the matter density field. The resulting baryonic correction model relies on a few well motivated physical parameters and is able to reproduce the redshift zero clustering signal of hydrodynamical simulations at two percent accuracy below k∼10 h/Mpc. A detailed study of the baryon suppression effects on the matter power spectrum and the weak lensing shear correlation reveals that the signal is dominated by two parameters describing the slope of the gas profile in haloes and the maximum radius of gas ejection. We show that these parameters can be constrained with the observed gas fraction of galaxy groups and clusters from Xray data. Based on these observations we predict a beyond percent effect on the power spectrum above k=0.21.0 h/Mpc with a maximum suppression of 1525 percent around k∼ 10 h/Mpc. As a result, the weak lensing angular shear power spectrum is suppressed by 1525 percent at scales beyond ℓ∼ 100600 and the shear correlations ξ _{+} and ξ _{} are affected at the 1025 percent level below 5 and 50 arcminutes, respectively. The relatively large uncertainties of these predictions are a result of the poorly known hydrostatic mass bias of current Xray observations as well as the generic difficulty to observe the low density gas outside of haloes.
Original language  English 

Article number  020 
Journal  Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 
Volume  2019 
Issue number  3 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  11 Mar 2019 
Keywords
 cosmological simulations
 power spectrum
 weak gravitational lensing
 Xrays
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Schneider, A. (Creator), Teyssier, R. (Creator), Stadel, J. (Creator), Chisari, N. E. (Creator), Brun, A. M. C. L. (Creator), Amara, A. (Creator) & Refregier, A. (Creator), IOP Publishing, 11 Mar 2019
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