Ray-tracing simulations of coupled dark energy models

Francesco Pace, Marco Baldi, Lauro Moscardini, David Bacon, Robert Crittenden

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Abstract

Dark matter and dark energy are usually assumed to couple only gravitationally. An extension to this picture is to model dark energy as a scalar field coupled directly to cold dark matter. This coupling leads to new physical effects, such as a fifth force and a time-dependent dark matter particle mass. In this work we examine the impact that coupling has on weak lensing statistics by constructing realistic simulated weak lensing maps using ray-tracing techniques through N-body cosmological simulations. We construct maps for different lensing quantities, covering a range of scales from a few arcminutes to several degrees. The concordance Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) model is compared to different coupled dark energy models, described either by an exponential scalar field potential (standard coupled dark energy scenario) or by a SUGRA potential (bouncing model). We analyse several statistical quantities and our results, with sources at low redshifts are largely consistent with previous work on cosmic microwave background lensing by Carbone et al. The most significant differences from the ΛCDM model are due to the enhanced growth of the perturbations and to the effective friction term in non-linear dynamics. For the most extreme models, we see differences in the power spectra up to 40 per cent compared to the ΛCDM model. The different time evolution of the linear matter overdensity can account for most of the differences, but when controlling for this using a ΛCDM model having the same normalization, the overall signal is smaller due to the effect of the friction term appearing in the equation of motion for dark matter particles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-874
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume447
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2015

Keywords

  • gravitational lensing: weak
  • methods: numerical
  • cosmological parameters
  • cosmology: theory
  • dark energy
  • large-scale structure of Universe
  • RCUK
  • STFC
  • ST/H002774/1

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