Reconciling the Greenland ice-core and radiocarbon timescales through the Laschamp geomagnetic excursion

Richard A. Staff, Mark Hardiman, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Florian Adolphi, Vincent J. Hare, Andreas Koutsodendris, Joerg Pross

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    Abstract

    Cosmogenic radionuclides, such as 10Be and 14C, share a common production signal, with their formation in the Earth's upper atmosphere modulated by changes to the geomagnetic field, as well as variations in the intensity of the solar wind. Here, we use this common production signal to compare between the radiocarbon (IntCal) and Greenland ice-core (GICC05) timescales, utilising the most pronounced cosmogenic production peak of the last 100,000 years - that associated with the Laschamp geomagnetic excursion circa 41,000 years ago. We present 54 new 14C measurements from a peat core ('TP-2005') from Tenaghi Philippon, NE Greece, contiguously spanning between circa 48,200 and 38,800 cal. BP, demonstrating a distinctive tripartite structure in the build up to the principal Laschamp production maximum that is not present in the consensus IntCal13 calibration curve. This is the first time that a continuous, non-reservoir corrected 14C dataset has been generated over such a long time span for this, the oldest portion of the radiocarbon timescale. This period is critical for both palaeoenvironmental and archaeological applications, with the replacement of Neanderthals by anatomically modern humans in Europe around this time. By placing our Tenaghi Philippon 14C dataset on to the IntCal13 timescale via Bayesian statistical modelling, the comparison of TP-2005 14C with Greenland 10Be fluxes also implicitly relates the underlying IntCal13 and GICC05 timescales themselves. This comparison suggests that whilst the two timescales are broadly coherent, the radiocarbon timescale is likely some ~1000 years too old circa 41,000 cal. BP.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-9
    JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
    Volume520
    Early online date31 May 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2019

    Keywords

    • Radiocarbon (14C) dating
    • Beryllium-10 (10Be)
    • Relative paleointensity
    • Laschamp geomagnetic excursion
    • Tenaghi Philippon, Greece
    • Campanian Ignimbrite (C.I.) tephra
    • RCUK
    • NERC
    • NE/E015670/1

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