Reconciling the local void with the CMB

Seshadri Nadathur, Subir Sarkar

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In the standard cosmological model, the dimming of distant Type Ia supernovae is explained by invoking the existence of repulsive “dark energy” which is causing the Hubble expansion to accelerate. However, this may be an artifact of interpreting the data in an (oversimplified) homogeneous model universe. In the simplest inhomogeneous model which fits the SNe Ia Hubble diagram without dark energy, we are located close to the center of a void modeled by a Lemaítre-Tolman-Bondi metric. It has been claimed that such models cannot fit the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and other cosmological data. This is, however, based on the assumption of a scale-free spectrum for the primordial density perturbation. An alternative physically motivated form for the spectrum enables a good fit to both SNe Ia (Constitution/Union2) and CMB (WMAP 7-yr) data, and to the locally measured Hubble parameter. Constraints from baryon acoustic oscillations and primordial nucleosynthesis are also satisfied.
Original languageEnglish
Article number063506
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number6
Early online date7 Mar 2011
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2011


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