Regularising transformations for complex differential equations with movable algebraic singularities

Thomas Kecker*, Galina Filipuk

*Corresponding author for this work

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In a 1979 paper, K. Okamoto introduced the space of initial values for the six Painlevé equations and their associated Hamiltonian systems, showing that these define regular initial value problems at every point of an augmented phase space, a rational surface with certain exceptional divisors removed. We show that the construction of the space of initial values remains meaningful for certain classes of second-order complex differential equations, and more generally, Hamiltonian systems, where all movable singularities of all their solutions are algebraic poles (by some authors denoted the quasi-Painlevé property), which is a generalisation of the Painlevé property. The difference here is that the initial value problems obtained in the extended phase space become regular only after an additional change of dependent and independent variables. Constructing the analogue of space of initial values for these equations in this way also serves as an algorithm to single out, from a given class of equations or system of equations, those equations which are free from movable logarithmic branch points.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9
Number of pages43
JournalMathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2022


  • space of initial values
  • blow-up
  • movable algebraic singularity
  • complex differential equation


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