Adipose tissue plays a central role regulating the balance between deposition and mobilization of lipid reserves. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme controlling lipid accumulation in mammals and fish. In the present study, we have examined the expression of LPL in rainbow trout cultured adipocytes and we have investigated the effect of troglitazone, a member of thiazolidinediones (TZDs), and insulin on its expression. LPL gene expression increased from day 1 until day 12 of culture, and the level was maintained up to day 21. The addition of insulin at 10 nM and 1.7 μM increased significantly LPL gene expression in undifferentiated cells (days 7 to 12 maintained in growth medium). Nevertheless, treatment of day 7 cells incubated in growth medium with troglitazone (5 μM) or troglitazone plus insulin (1 μM each), tended to enhance LPL expression. In addition, LPL mRNA levels increased significantly in the presence of 1 μM and 5 μM of troglitazone (days 7 to 12) when the cells were induced to differentiate by addition of differentiation medium. Although troglitazone alone (1 μM) did not stimulate lipid accumulation in the cells neither in growth nor in differentiation medium, the simultaneous presence of troglitazone (1 μM) and insulin (1 μM) increased significantly the content of triglycerides in adipocyte cells maintained in growth medium (days 7 to 12). These results indicate that insulin and troglitazone regulate LPL gene expression during adipocyte differentiation and suggest that both factors may have combined effects in the modulation of adipogenesis.
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology|
|Early online date||22 Sep 2011|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2012|