Relating pore fabric geometry to acoustic and permeability anisotropy in Crab Orchard Sandstone: a laboratory study using magnetic ferrofluid

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Abstract

Pore fabric anisotropy is a common feature of many sedimentary rocks. In this paper we report results from a comparative study on the anisotropy of a porous sandstone (Crab Orchard) using anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS), acoustic wave velocity and fluid permeability techniques. Initially, we characterise the anisotropic pore fabric geometry by impregnating the sandstone with magnetic ferro-fluid and measuring its AMS. The results are used to guide subsequent measurements of the anisotropy of acoustic wave velocity and fluid permeability. These three independent measures of anisotropy are then directly compared. Results show strong positive correlation between the principal directions given from the AMS, velocity anisotropy and permeability anisotropy. Permeability parallel to the macroscopic crossbedding observed in the sandstone is 240% higher than that normal to it. P and S-wave velocity anisotropy and AMS show mean values of 19.1%, 4.8% and 3.8% respectively, reflecting the disparate physical properties measured.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1976
Number of pages1
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume30
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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