Relationship between pressure and output parameters in belt grinding of steels and nickel alloy

Nelli Vladimirovna Syreyshchikova, Danil Yurievich Pimenov, Munish Kumar Gupta, Krzysztof Nadolny, Khaled Giasin, Muhammad Aamir, Shubham Sharma

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Belt grinding of flat surfaces of typical parts made of steel and alloys, such as grooves, shoulders, ends, and long workpieces, is a good alternative to milling. Several factors can influence the belt grinding process of flat surfaces of metals, such as cutting speed and pressure. In this work, the importance of pressure in the belt grinding was investigated in terms of technological and experimental aspects. The grinding experiments were performed on structural alloy steel 30KhGSN2/30KhGSNA, structural carbon steel AISI 1045, corrosion-resistant and heat-resistant stainless steel AISI 321, and heat-resistant nickel alloy KHN77TYuR. The performance of the grinding belt was investigated in terms of surface roughness, material removal rate (MRR), grinding belt wear, performance index. Estimated indicators of the belt grinding process were developed: cutting ability; reduced cutting ability for belt grinding of steels and heat-resistant alloy. It was found that with an increase in pressure p, the surface roughness of the processed surface Ra decreased while the tool wear VB and MRR increased. With a decrease in plasticity and difficulty of machinability, the roughness, material removal rate, reduced cutting capacity (Performance index) qper, material removal Q decreased, and the tool wear VB increased. The obtained research results can be used by technologists when creating belt grinding operations for steels and alloys to ensure the required performance is met.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4704
Number of pages14
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2021


  • belt grinding
  • machining
  • pressure
  • surface roughness
  • material removal rate (MRR)
  • tool wear
  • steel
  • nickel alloy


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