Removing the network adaptivity from distributed Gaussian metrology at the Heisenberg limit

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

Abstract

Squeezing is a well-established resource to achieve quantum-enhanced sensitivity in linear optical networks [1, 2, 3]. Compared with approaches that exploit entanglement as quantum resource, these protocols show a number of advantages, such as feasibility of the probes employed and of the measurement performed, and robustness against decoherence. Despite the advantages, squeezing-based strategies found in recent literature still exhibit experimental challenges that require to be overcome in order to make the squeezing approach feasible in most experimental situation - e.g. strict limitations on the range of values of the unknown parameter to be measured, which is usually assumed to be small, and on the form of the linear network which encodes it. Here we address these limitations in detail, while reviewing several protocols that manage to alleviate, if not solve, the impracticalities in different scenarios - e.g. estimation of a single distributed parameter [4, 5, 6], or of a function of multiple independent parameters [7]. In particular, we find that it is always possible to reach Heisenberg-scaling sensitivity δφ= O(N^(-1)), where N is the average number of photons in the probe employed, for any given M-channel linear network which encodes in an arbitrary way a single unknown parameter or a function of unknown parameters. This is possible by employing only a single squeezed probe and homodyne measurements.
[1] Alex Monras. Optimal phase measurements with pure gaussian states. Phys. Rev. A, 73:033821.
[2] Teruo Matsubara, Paolo Facchi, Vittorio Giovannetti, and Kazuya Yuasa. Optimal gaussian metrology for generic multimode interferometric circuit. New Journal of Physics, 21(3):033014.
[3] Lorenzo Maccone and Alberto Riccardi. Squeezing metrology: a unified framework. Quantum, 4:292.
[4] Giovanni Gramegna, Danilo Triggiani, Paolo Facchi, Frank A. Narducci, and Vincenzo Tamma. Typicality of Heisenberg scaling precision in multimode quantum metrology. Phys. Rev. Research, 3:013152.
[5] Giovanni Gramegna, Danilo Triggiani, Paolo Facchi, Frank A Narducci, and Vincenzo Tamma. Heisenberg scaling precision in multi-mode distributed quantum metrology. New Journal of Physics, 23(5):053002.
[6] Danilo Triggiani, Paolo Facchi, and Vincenzo Tamma. Non-adaptive Heisenberg-limited metrology with multi-channel homodyne measurements, 2021. arXiv:2110.03582.
[7] Danilo Triggiani, Paolo Facchi, and Vincenzo Tamma. Heisenberg scaling precision in the estimation of functions of parameters, 2021. arXiv:2103.08564.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2022
EventQuantum 2022 Summer School on Quantum Optical Technologies in Apulia -
Duration: 18 Sep 202224 Sep 2022
https://agenda.infn.it/event/21449/

Other

OtherQuantum 2022 Summer School on Quantum Optical Technologies in Apulia
Period18/09/2224/09/22
Internet address

Keywords

  • gaussian metrology
  • Heisenberg limit
  • distributed parameter

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