Reprocessed materials used in rotationally moulded sandwich structures for enhancing environmental sustainability: low-velocity impact and flexure-after-impact responses

Abu Saifullah, Pappu Radhakrishnan, Lei Wang, Burhan Saeed, Forkan Sarker, Hom Dhakal

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Abstract

In the rotational moulding industry, non-used, scrap, and waste purge materials have tremendous potential to be reprocessed and applied in skin-foam-skin sandwich structures to replace and reduce the use of virgin polymers. This approach not only encourages the re-use of these waste materials but also significantly contributes to reduce environmental impacts associated with the use of virgin polymers in this sector. The demand of rotationally moulded sandwich structures is rapidly increasing in automotive, marine, and storage tanks, where investigating their impact and after-impact responses are crucial. Hence, this study investigated the low-velocity impact (LVI) and flexure-after-impact (FAI) responses of rotationally moulded sandwich structures manufactured using reprocessed materials. Results obtained from LVI induced damage at two different incident energy levels (15 J, 30 J), and the residual flexural strength of impacted structures evaluated by three-points bending tests were compared with non-reprocessed sandwich structures (virgin materials). The impact damage progression mechanism was characterized using the X-ray micro-computer-tomography technique. Reprocessed sandwiches demonstrated 91% and 66% post-impact residual strength at 15 J and 30 J respectively, while for non-reprocessed sandwiches, these values were calculated as 93% and 88%. Although reprocessed sandwich structures showed a lower performance over non-reprocessed sandwiches, they have a strong potential to be used in sandwich structures for various applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6491
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • rotational moulding
  • sandwich
  • environmental sustainability
  • reprocessed materials
  • low-velocity impact (LVI)
  • flexure-after-impact (FAI)
  • impact damage

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