Research and technology outsourcing

Jeremy Howells*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper discusses the process of externalization and the contracting out of RandD and technical activity. The focus of the analysis is on the outsourcing of RandD and technical activity undertaken by firms and now outsourced to companies and organizations which supply the Contract Research and Technology (CRT) market. The analysis highlights that not only is it important to understand the factors in the demand for such services but also in changing dynamics of the nature of the research and technical services supplied and the way they are supplied. The paper then investigates the implications of these dynamic trends for the conduct of the RandD function, particularly towards research externalization and outsourcing, via the use of firms and organizations involved in contract research and technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-29
Number of pages13
JournalTechnology Analysis and Strategic Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999


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