Response of small scale ultra high performance fibre reinforced concrete slabs to blast loading

Lei Mao, Stephanie Jayne Barnett, A. Tyas, J. Warren, G. Schleyer, S.S. Zaini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper provides a systematic study of the performance of ultra high performance fibre reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) slabs under close-in explosions. In the study, the UHPFRC slabs were manufactured with varying amounts and types of steel fibres. In field tests, various PE4 charge sizes were employed to generate blast load until a sudden increase in maximum deflection was observed. Peak ¼ span deflections and development of slab cracks were recorded. With the results, the effect of steel fibres on performance of UHPFRC slabs can be better clarified. Static tests were also used to study the effect of fibres on the behaviour of UHPFRC specimens, results indicate that fibre distribution and orientation can clearly affect UHPFRC slab behaviour. Finally, finite element modelling was employed to simulate the performance of UHPFRC slabs under blast loading and these modelling results were compared to test data. Based on the comparison results, potential further enhancement of numerical models is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-830
Number of pages9
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • finite element modelling
  • close-in explosion
  • blast load
  • steel fibre
  • WNU
  • RCUK


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