Obstacle detection plays an important role for robot collision avoidance and motion planning. This paper focuses on the study of the collision prediction of a dual-arm robot based on a 3D point cloud. Firstly, a self-identification method is presented based on the over-segmentation approach and the forward kinematic model of the robot. Secondly, a simplified 3D model of the robot is generated using the segmented point cloud. Finally, a collision prediction algorithm is proposed to estimate the collision parameters in real-time. Experimental studies using the KinectⓇ sensor and the BaxterⓇ robot have been performed to demonstrate the performance of the proposed algorithms.
- Manipulator self-identification
- Collision prediction
- Point cloud