Role of cyclooxygenase in the vascular response to locally delivered acetylcholine in Caucasian and African descent individuals

Matthew J. Maley, James R. House, Mike Tipton, Clare Eglin

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Abstract

Introduction: Individuals of African descent (AFD) are more susceptible to non-freezing cold injury (NFCI) compared with Caucasian individuals (CAU). Vasodilatation to acetylcholine (ACh) is lower in AFD compared with CAU in the non-glabrous foot and finger skin sites; the reason for this is unknown. Prostanoids are responsible, in part, for the vasodilator response to ACh, however it is not known whether the contribution differs between ethnicities.

Methods:12 CAU and 12 AFD males received iontophoresis of ACh (1 w/v %) on non-glabrous foot and finger skin sites following placebo and then aspirin (600 mg, single blinded). Aspirin was utilised to inhibit prostanoid production by inhibiting the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme. Laser Doppler flowmetry was utilised to measure changes in skin blood flow.

Results: Not all participants could receive iontophoresis charge due to high skin resistance; these participants were therefore excluded from the analyses. Foot: ACh elicited greater maximal vasodilatation in CAU than AFD following placebo (P=0.003) and aspirin (P<0.001). Aspirin did not affect blood flow responses in AFD, but caused a reduction in the area under curve for CAU (P=0.031).Finger: ACh elicited a greater maximal vasodilatation in CAU than AFD following placebo (P=0.013) and aspirin (P=0.001). Aspirin tended to reduce maximal vasodilatation in AFD (P=0.053), but did not affect CAU.

Conclusions: CAU have a greater endothelial reactivity than AFD in both foot and finger skin sites irrespective of COX inhibition. It is concluded that the lower ACh-induced vasodilatation in AFD is not due to a compromised COX pathway.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-87
Number of pages8
JournalMicrovascular Research
Volume111
Early online date17 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • non-freezing cold injury
  • ethnicity
  • skin blood flow
  • endothelial-dependent vasodilatation
  • acetylcholine
  • cyclooxygenase

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