Role of hybridization on marginal leakage and bond strength

Marco Ferrari*, Pier Nicola Mason, Alessandro Vichi, Carel L. Davidson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To evaluate whether the hybrid layer significantly contributes to the seal of adhesive Class V restorations placed in vivo and to the bond strength obtained in vitro. 

Materials and Methods: 20 periodontally severely compromised anterior teeth were selected for the leakage study. In each tooth, one round 3 mm wide V-shaped cavity with a maximum depth of 2 mm was prepared on the labial surface crossing the cementum-enamel junction. The sample teeth were randomly divided into two groups of ten samples each: in Group 1, Scotchbond Multi-Purpose Plus was applied in combination with Z-100 following the manufacturer's instructions. In Group 2 the bonding procedure was the same as in Group 1, except that after the phosphoric acid treatment, the cavities were treated with 5% NaOCl for 2 min. Following a period of clinical service of 60-90 days, the teeth were extracted and processed for the leakage test. 

Results: At the enamel site, 30% of the samples of Group 1 and 70% of the samples of Group 2 showed dye penetration. At the dentin site, 50% of the samples of Group 1 showed leakage, while all the samples of Group 2 were severely infiltrated. Statistically significant differences between the groups both for the enamel sites (P< 0.05) and for dentin-cementum sites (P< 0.001) were found. Bond strength tests were performed on 2 mm thick dentin slides of tapered Class I cavities (n = 10 in each group). The mean bond strength value obtained from cavities treated without NaOCl was 15.23 (±1.40) MPa and with NaOCl treatment 20.52 (±1.70) MPa. Statistical analysis showed significant differences (P< 0.05) between the two groups. No hybrid layer was detected on the NaOCl-treated samples by scanning electron microscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Dentistry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2000


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