SDSS-II Supernova Survey: an analysis of the largest sample of Type Ia Supernovae and correlations with host-galaxy spectral properties

Rachel C. Wolf, Chris B. D'Andrea, Ravi R. Gupta, Masao Sako, John A. Fischer, Rick Kessler, Saurabh W. Jha, Marisa C. March, Daniel M. Scolnic, Johanna-Laina Fischer, Heather Campbell, Robert C. Nichol, Matthew D. Olmstead, Michael Richmond, Donald P. Schneider, Mathew Smith

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Abstract

Using the largest single-survey sample of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) to date, we study the relationship between properties of SNe Ia and those of their host galaxies, focusing primarily on correlations with Hubble residuals (HR). Our sample consists of 345 photometrically-classified or spectroscopically-confirmed SNeIa discovered as part of the SDSS-II Supernova Survey (SDSS-SNS). This analysis utilizes host-galaxy spectroscopy obtained during the SDSS-I/II spectroscopic survey and from an ancillary program on the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) that obtained spectra for nearly all host galaxies of SDSS-II SN candidates. In addition, we use photometric host-galaxy properties from the SDSS-SNS data release (Sako et al. 2014) such as host stellar mass and star-formation rate. We confirm the well-known relation between HR and host-galaxy mass and find a 3.6{\sigma} significance of a non-zero linear slope. We also recover correlations between HR and host-galaxy gas-phase metallicity and specific star-formation rate as they are reported in the literature. With our large dataset, we examine correlations between HR and multiple host-galaxy properties simultaneously and find no evidence of a significant correlation. We also independently analyze our spectroscopically-confirmed and photometrically-classified SNe Ia and comment on the significance of similar combined datasets for future surveys.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume821
Issue number2
Early online date20 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Keywords

  • astro-ph.CO
  • astro-ph.GA
  • cosmology: observations
  • galaxies: abundances
  • supernova: general
  • surveys

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