SDSS IV MaNGA - rotation velocity lags in the extraplanar ionized gas from MaNGA observations of edge-on galaxies

D. Bizyaev, R. A. M. Walterbos, P. Yoachim, P., R. A. Riffel, A. R., J. G. Fernández-Trincado, K. Pan, A. M. Diamond-Stanic, A. Jones, D. Thomas, J. Cleary, J. Brinkmann

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We present a study of the kinematics of the extraplanar ionized gas around several dozen galaxies observed by the Mapping of Nearby Galaxies at the Apache Point Observatory (MaNGA) survey. We considered a sample of 67 edge-on galaxies out of more than 1400 extragalactic targets observed by MaNGA, in which we found 25 galaxies (or 37%) with regular lagging of the rotation curve at large distances from the galactic midplane. We model the observed Hα emission velocity fields in the galaxies, taking projection effects and a simple model for the dust extinction into account. We show that the vertical lag of the rotation curve is necessary in the modeling, and estimate the lag amplitude in the galaxies. We find no correlation between the lag and the star formation rate in the galaxies. At the same time, we report a correlation between the lag and the galactic stellar mass, central stellar velocity dispersion, and axial ratio of the light distribution. These correlations suggest a possible higher ratio of infalling-to-local gas in early-type disk galaxies or a connection between lags and the possible presence of hot gaseous halos, which may be more prevalent in more massive galaxies. These results again demonstrate that observations of extraplanar gas can serve as a potential probe for accretion of gas.
Original languageEnglish
Article number87
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Early online date19 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2017


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