SDSS IV MaNGA - spatially resolved diagnostic diagrams: a proof that many galaxies are LIERs

Francesco Belfiore, Roberto Maiolino, Claudia Maraston, Eric Emsellem, Matthew A. Bershady, Karen L. Masters, Renbin Yan, Dmitry Bizyaev, Médéric Boquien, Joel R. Brownstein, Kevin Bundy, Niv Drory, Timothy M. Heckman, David R. Law, Alexandre Roman-Lopes, Kaike Pan, Letizia Stanghellini, Daniel Thomas, Anne-Marie Weijmans, Kyle B. Westfall

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Abstract

We study the spatially resolved excitation properties of the ionised gas in a sample of 646 galaxies using integral field spectroscopy data from SDSS-IV MaNGA. Making use of Baldwin-Philips-Terlevich diagnostic diagrams we demonstrate the ubiquitous presence of extended (kpc scale) low ionisation emission-line regions (LIERs) in both star forming and quiescent galaxies. In star forming galaxies LIER emission can be associated with diffuse ionised gas, most evident as extra-planar emission in edge-on systems. In addition, we identify two main classes of galaxies displaying LIER emission: `central LIER' (cLIER) galaxies, where central LIER emission is spatially extended, but accompanied by star formation at larger galactocentric distances, and `extended LIER' (eLIER) galaxies, where LIER emission is extended throughout the whole galaxy. In eLIER and cLIER galaxies, LIER emission is associated with radially flat, low H$\alpha$ equivalent width of line emission ($
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3111-3134
Number of pages26
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume461
Issue number3
Early online date23 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • astro-ph.GA
  • surveys
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: fundamental parameters
  • galaxies: ISM
  • RCUK
  • STFC

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