SDSS-IV MaNGA: the spectroscopic discovery of strongly lensed galaxies

Michael S. Talbot, Joel R. Brownstein, Adam S. Bolton, Kevin Bundy, Brett H. Andrews, Brian Cherinka, Thomas E. Collett, Anupreeta More, Surhud More, Alessandro Sonnenfeld, Simona Vegetti, David A. Wake, Anne-Marie Weijmans, Kyle B. Westfall

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We present a catalogue of 38 spectroscopically detected strong galaxy-galaxy gravitational lens candidates identified in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV (SDSS-IV). We were able to simulate narrow-band images for 8 of them demonstrating evidence of multiple images. Two of our systems are compound lens candidates, each with 2 background source-planes. One of these compound systems shows clear lensing features in the narrow-band image. Our sample is based on 2812 galaxies observed by the Mapping Nearby Galaxies at APO (MaNGA) integral field unit (IFU). This Spectroscopic Identification of Lensing Objects (SILO) survey extends the methodology of the Sloan Lens ACS Survey (SLACS) and BOSS Emission-Line Survey (BELLS) to lower redshift and multiple IFU spectra. We searched ~ 1.5 million spectra, of which 3065 contained multiple high signal-to-noise background emission-lines or a resolved [OII] doublet, that are included in this catalogue. Upon manual inspection, we discovered regions with multiple spectra containing background emission-lines at the same redshift, providing evidence of a common source-plane geometry which was not possible in previous SLACS and BELLS discovery programs. We estimate more than half of our candidates have an Einstein radius > 1.7", which is significantly greater than seen in SLACS and BELLS. These larger Einstein radii produce more extended images of the background galaxy increasing the probability that a background emission-line will enter one of the IFU spectroscopic fibres, making detection more likely.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Early online date10 Mar 2018
Publication statusEarly online - 10 Mar 2018


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