Selective simultaneous generation of distinct unidirectional wave modes in different directions using dual-array transducer

Alan C. Kubrusly*, Lei Kang, Steve Dixon

*Corresponding author for this work

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Shear horizontal (SH) waves are widely used in the non-destructive evaluation and structural health monitoring fields. Conventional periodic permanent magnet electromagnetic acoustic transducers (PPM EMAT) can generate a single SH wave mode, which propagates in both forward and backward directions. Generation in a single direction is usually preferred to ease signal interpretation and increase inspection reliability. Recently, we have proved that a single, either fundamental or high-order, SH wave mode can be unidirectionally generated using a dual PPM EMAT, with carefully designed driving signals. Distinct SH modes present different applicability due to their particular response to features in the structure, such as defects. Hence, unidirectional generation of two different SH modes simultaneously with a dual-array transducer is investigated in this paper. The selectivity of wave modes and the selectivity of the propagation direction are studied by combining pure wave mode excitability with the superposition of optimal excitation signals for unidirectional generation, addressed in the frequency–wavenumber domain. Excitation signals for optimal and simultaneous generation of the SH0 and SH1 modes propagating in the same direction or in opposite directions have been designed. Experiments on an aluminium plate have demonstrated that the two wave modes can be effectively simultaneously generated with only one dual-array transducer and the propagation direction of each wave mode can be flexibly controlled using the designed excitation signals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109942
Number of pages16
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Early online date19 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2023


  • Direction control
  • Dual-array transducer
  • Frequency–wavenumber
  • Pure wave mode excitability
  • SH guided waves
  • Unidirectional generation

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