SFI++ I: a new I-band Tully-Fisher template, the cluster peculiar velocity dispersion, and H-0

Karen L. Masters, Christopher M. Springob, Martha P. Haynes, Riccardo Giovanelli

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Abstract

The SFI++ consists of ~5000 spiral galaxies which have measurements suitable for the application of the I-band Tully-Fisher (TF) relation. This sample builds on the SCI and SFI samples published in the 1990s but includes significant amounts of new data as well as improved methods for parameter determination. We derive a new I-band TF relation from a subset of this sample which consists of 807 galaxies in the fields of 31 nearby clusters and groups. This sample constitutes the largest ever available for the calibration of the TF template and extends the range of line-widths over which the template is reliably measured. Careful accounting is made of observational and sample biases such as incompleteness, finite cluster size, galaxy morphology and environment. We find evidence for a type-dependent TF slope which is shallower for early type than for late type spirals. The line-of-sight cluster peculiar velocity dispersion is measured for the sample of 31 clusters. This value is directly related to the spectrum of initial density fluctuations and thus provides an independent verification of the best fit WMAP cosmology and an estimate of Omega^0.6 sigma_8 = 0.52+/-0.06. We also provide an independent measure of the TF zeropoint using 17 galaxies in the SFI++ sample for which Cepheid distances are available. In combination with the ``basket of clusters'' template relation these calibrator galaxies provide a measure of H0 = 74+/-2 (random) +/-6 (systematic) km/s/Mpc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-880
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume653
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2006

Keywords

  • cosmological parameters
  • distance scale
  • galaxies : clusters : general
  • galaxies : distances and redshifts
  • galaxies : fundamental parameters

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