Short-scale diversity in a dynamic rain fade environment

Christina Enjamio, Enric Vilar, David Ndzi, F. Perez-Fontan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This article is concerned with using time-varying uniformly spaced rainfall data to investigate the concept and values of instantaneous diversity gain. This has been obtained on a minute-by-minute basis in order to illustrate the behaviour of a VSAT communication system which switches to the most reliable link every minute. The simulations have been carried out using a whole year of rain data obtained from the recordings of a dense rain gauge network located in Barcelona. After illustrating the concept of instantaneous diversity gain, this paper shows the results obtained for various site separations and 20 GHz. These results have been plotted together with the values given by some long-term-based models. The comparison shows that such models are not appropriate for dynamic site diversity. This was found to increase the reliability of a VSAT system, especially under severe rain conditions in which the rainfall rates are spatially arranged in rain cells and the attenuation experienced by the two sites is strongly decorrelated. The correlation coefficient between the attenuation series calculated for several separation distances has also been obtained to illustrate this concept. Finally, the paper gives the attenuation distributions calculated for a VSAT system with and without site diversity and for several site separations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)143-152
    Number of pages10
    JournalInternational Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


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