Side-shifted dual PPM EMATs with multiple rows of magnets and reduced lateral gap by flexible printed circuit board racetrack coils

Lucas M. Martinho, Alan C. Kubrusly, Iury S. Martins, Lei Kang, Steve Dixon

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Shear horizontal (SH) guided waves can be generated by permanent magnet electromagnetic acoustic transducers (PPM EMATs). Conventional PPM EMATs generate waves that propagate both backwards and forwards. Recently, we presented designs of side-shifted PPM EMATs that generate SH waves in a single direction through the interference mechanism of two independent periodic sources of forces. These designs, however, can present unwanted backward side-lobes whose amplitude decreases as the lateral separation between rows of magnets shortens. Originally, the side-shift EMATs were fabricated with two hand-wound multi-lap racetrack coils. This process is time-consuming and hinders the possibility of short lateral separation between magnets' rows. In this paper, we present an alternative fabrication method for this design using flexible printed circuit boards that allow us to shorten the lateral separation, increase repeatability and, consequently, enhance the unidirectional behavior of the side-shifted dual-PPM EMAT.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIUS 2022 - IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781665466578
ISBN (Print)9781665478137
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022
Event2022 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium - Venice, Italy
Duration: 10 Oct 202213 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
ISSN (Print)1948-5719
ISSN (Electronic)1948-5727


Conference2022 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
Abbreviated titleIUS 2022


  • dual-PPM EMATs
  • electromagnetic acoustic transducers
  • guided waves
  • PCB coils
  • radiation pattern
  • shear horizontal waves
  • unidirectional generation

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