Simulation and analysis of LEACH for wireless sensor networks in agriculture

Latifah Munirah Kamarudin, Badlishah Ahmad, David Lorater Ndzi, Ammar Zakaria, Kamarulzaman Kamarudin, Mohamed Elshaikh Elobaid Said Ahmed

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The challenges in deploying robust wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in agricultural environments are limited power supply and variability of wireless propagation channel that restrict performance. Proposed protocols do not meet the challenges for realistic simulation and evaluation of WSN for agricultural applications. The design of LEACH protocol is, for the most part, efficient for many applications. It achieves energy efficiency through a clustering technique with TDMA based MAC layer algorithms and data aggregation method. Analysis performed shows that LEACH uses simple radio propagation and energy models that are unrealistic. This paper focuses on the performance analysis of LEACH protocol for agricultural environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-26
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Sensor Networks
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2016


  • wireless sensor networks
  • clustering protocols
  • IoT
  • agricultural applications
  • data aggregation
  • energy efficiency


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