Space heating and hot water demand analysis of dwellings connected to district heating scheme in UK

Robert Burzynski, Martin Crane, Runming Yao, Victor Becerra

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    To achieve CO2 emissions reductions the UK Building Regulations require developers of new residential buildings to calculate expected CO2 emissions arising from their energy consumption using a methodology such as Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP 2005) or, more recently SAP 2009. SAP encompasses all domestic heat consumption and a limited proportion of the electricity consumption. However, these calculations are rarely verified with real energy consumption and related CO2 emissions. This paper presents the results of an analysis based on weekly head demand data for more than 200 individual flats. The data is collected from recently built residential development connected to a district heating network. A methodology for separating out the domestic hot water use (DHW) and space heating demand (SH) has been developed and compares measured values to the demand calculated using SAP 2005 and 2009 methodologies. The analysis shows also the variance in DHW and SH consumption between both size of the flats and tenure (privately owned or housing association). Evaluation of the space heating consumption includes also an estimation of the heating degree day (HDD) base temperature for each block of flats and its comparison to the average base temperature calculated using the SAP 2005 methodology.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1629-1638
    JournalJournal of Central South University of Technology
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012


    • domestic hot water textendash space heating textendash energy consumption textendash heat demand


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