Stable fixation of an ultra-short femoral neck-preserving hip prosthesis: a 5-year RSA, DXA, and clinical prospective outcome study of 48 patients

Janus D Christiansen, Mogens Laursen, Gordon W Blunn, Poul T Nielsen

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Abstract

Background and purpose: We previously showed promising primary stability and preservation of bone stock with the ultra-short neck-loading hip implant in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcome, implant stability, and bone mineral density (BMD).

Methods: 50 patients were treated with the ultra-short neck Primoris hip implant at baseline and 48 were available for evaluation at 5-year follow-up. 5 different patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) including hip-specific scores, disease-specific and generic quality of life outcome measures, and an activity score were used. Furthermore, implant stability using radiostereometric analysis (RSA) and assessment of periprosthetic BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were applied.

Results: By 1-year follow-up, all PROMs showed improvements and remained high at 5-year follow-up. After initial distal translation (subsidence) and negative rotation around the z-axis (varus tilt) the implant showed stable fixation at 5-year follow-up with no further migration beyond 12 months. In the regions of interest (ROI) 3 and 4, BMD remained stable. In ROI 2, further bone loss of 12% was found at 5-year follow-up.

Conclusion: Clinical outcome including PROMs was satisfying throughout the 5-year follow-up period. The hip implant remains stable with both bone preservation and loss 5 years after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-146
Number of pages9
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2024

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