Stakeholder engagement and dialogic accounting: empirical evidence in sustainability reporting

Marco Bellucci, Lorenzo Simoni, Diletta Acuti, Giacomo Manetti*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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    Abstract

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explain how sustainability reporting and stakeholder engagement processes serve as vehicles of dialogic accounting (DA), a form of critical accounting that creates opportunities for stakeholders to express their opinions, and the influence of dialogic interactions on the content of sustainability reports.

    Design/methodology/approach - Content analysis is used to investigate reports published by 299 companies that have adopted Global Reporting Initiative guidelines. This paper studies how organizations engage stakeholders, the categories of stakeholders that are being addressed, the methods used to support stakeholder engagement, and other features of the stakeholder engagement process. Companies that disclose stakeholder perceptions, the difficulties met in engaging stakeholders, and actions aimed at creating opportunities for different groups of stakeholders to interact were subjects of discussion in a series of semi-structured interviews that focus on DA.

    Findings - Companies often commit themselves to two-way dialogue with their stakeholders, but fully developed frameworks for DA are rare. However, signs of DA emerged in the analysis, thus confirming that sustainability reporting can become a platform for DA systems if stakeholder engagement is effective.

    Originality/value - The findings contribute to the accounting literature by discussing if and how sustainability reporting and stakeholder engagement can serve as vehicles of DA. This is accomplished via a research design that is based on in-depth interviews and content analysis of various sustainability reports.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1467-1499
    Number of pages33
    JournalAccounting, Auditing and Accountability Journal
    Volume32
    Issue number5
    Early online date17 Jun 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

    Keywords

    • Content analysis
    • Dialogic accounting
    • GRI
    • Social and environmental accounting
    • Stakeholder engagement
    • Sustainability reporting

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