STRIDES: a 3.9 per cent measurement of the Hubble constant from the strong lens system DES J0408-5354

A. J. Shajib, S. Birrer, T. Treu, A. Agnello, E. J. Buckley-Geer, J. H. H. Chan, L. Christensen, C. Lemon, H. Lin, M. Millon, J. Poh, C. E. Rusu, D. Sluse, C. Spiniello, G. C. -F. Chen, T. Collett, F. Courbin, C. D. Fassnacht, J. Frieman, A. GalanD. Gilman, A. More, T. Anguita, M. W. Auger, V. Bonvin, R. McMahon, G. Meylan, K. C. Wong, T. M. C. Abbott, J. Annis, S. Avila, K. Bechtol, D. Brooks, D. Brout, D. L. Burke, A. Carnero Rosell, M. Carrasco Kind, J. Carretero, F. J. Castander, M. Costanzi, L. N. da Costa, J. De Vicente, S. Desai, J. P. Dietrich, P. Doel, A. Drlica-Wagner, A. E. Evrard, D. A. Finley, B. Flaugher, P. Fosalba, J. García-Bellido, D. W. Gerdes, D. Gruen, R. A. Gruendl, J. Gschwend, G. Gutierrez, D. L. Hollowood, K. Honscheid, D. Huterer, D. J. James, T. Jeltema, E. Krause, N. Kuropatkin, T. S. Li, M. Lima, N. MacCrann, M. A. G. Maia, J. L. Marshall, P. Melchior, R. Miquel, R. L. C. Ogando, A. Palmese, F. Paz-Chinchón, A. A. Plazas, A. K. Romer, A. Roodman, M. Sako, E. Sanchez, B. Santiago, V. Scarpine, M. Schubnell, D. Scolnic, S. Serrano, I. Sevilla-Noarbe, M. Smith, M. Soares-Santos, E. Suchyta, G. Tarle, D. Thomas, A. R. Walker, Y. Zhang

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We present a blind time-delay cosmographic analysis for the lens system DES J0408−5354. This system is extraordinary for the presence of two sets of multiple images at different redshifts, which provide the opportunity to obtain more information at the cost of increased modelling complexity with respect to previously analysed systems. We perform detailed modelling of the mass distribution for this lens system using three band Hubble Space Telescope imaging. We combine the measured time delays, line-of-sight central velocity dispersion of the deflector, and statistically constrained external convergence with our lens models to estimate two cosmological distances. We measure the ‘effective’ time-delay distance corresponding to the redshifts of the deflector and the lensed quasar Deff Δt = 3382 +146 −115 Mpc and the angular diameter distance to the deflector Dd = 1711 +376 −280 Mpc, with covariance between the two distances. From these constraints on the cosmological distances, we infer the Hubble constant H0= 74.2 +2.7 −3.0 km s−1 Mpc−1 assuming a flat ΛCDM cosmology and a uniform prior for Ωm as ΩmU(0.05, 0.5). This measurement gives the most precise constraint on H0 to date from a single lens. Our measurement is consistent with that obtained from the previous sample of six lenses analysed by the H0 Lenses in COSMOGRAIL’s Wellspring (H0LiCOW) collaboration. It is also consistent with measurements of H0 based on the local distance ladder, reinforcing the tension with the inference from early Universe probes, for example, with 2.2σ discrepancy from the cosmic microwave background measurement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6072-6102
Number of pages31
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Early online date28 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • RCUK
  • STFC
  • gravitational lensing: strong
  • cosmological parameters
  • distance scale
  • cosmology: observations


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