STRIDES: Spectroscopic and photometric characterization of the environment and effects of mass along the line of sight to the gravitational lenses DES J0408-5354 and WGD 2038-4008

DES Collaboration, T. Collett, S. Avila

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Abstract

In time-delay cosmography, three of the key ingredients are 1) determining the velocity dispersion of the lensing galaxy, 2) identifying galaxies and groups along the line of sight with sufficient proximity and mass to be included in the mass model, and 3) estimating the external convergence κext from less massive structures that are not included in the mass model. We present results on all three of these ingredients for two time-delay lensed quasar systems, DES J0408-5354 and WGD 2038-4008. We use the Gemini, Magellan and VLT telescopes to obtain spectra to both measure the stellar velocity dispersions of the main lensing galaxies and to identify the line-of-sight galaxies in these systems. Next, we identify 10 groups in DES J0408-5354 and 2 groups in WGD 2038-4008using a group-finding algorithm. We then identify the most significant galaxy and galaxy-group perturbers using the "flexion shift" criterion. We determine the probability distribution function of the external convergence κext for both of these systems based on our spectroscopy and on the DES-only multiband wide-field observations. Using weighted galaxy counts, calibrated based on the Millennium Simulation, we find that DES J0408-5354 is located in a significantly underdense environment, leading to a tight (width ∼3%), negative-value κext distribution. On the other hand, WGD 2038-4008 is located in an environment of close to unit density, and its low source redshift results in a much tighter κext of ∼1%, as long as no external shear constraints are imposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3241-3274
Number of pages34
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume498
Issue number3
Early online date29 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • RCUK
  • STFC
  • gravitational lensing: strong
  • galaxies: groups: general
  • quasars: individual: DES J0408-5354, WGD 2038-4008

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