Structural orientation dependent sub-lamellar bone mechanics

Ines Jimenez-Palomar, Anna Shipov, Ron Shahar, Asa Barber

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    Abstract

    The lamellar unit is a critical component in defining the overall mechanical properties of bone. In this paper, micro-beams of bone with dimensions comparable to the lamellar unit were fabricated using focused ion beam (FIB) microscopy and mechanically tested in bending to failure using atomic force microscopy (AFM). A variation in the mechanical properties, including elastic modulus, strength and work to fracture of the micro-beams was observed and related to the collagen fibril orientation inferred from back-scattered scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging. Established mechanical models were further applied to describe the relationship between collagen fibril orientation and mechanical behaviour of the lamellar unit. Our results highlight the ability to measure mechanical properties of discrete bone volumes directly and correlate with structural orientation of collagen fibrils.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)63-71
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
    Volume52
    Early online date9 Mar 2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

    Keywords

    • bone
    • micromechanics
    • AFM
    • FIB
    • RCUK
    • EPSRC

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