Most of the exist action recognition methods mainly utilize spatio-temporal descriptors of single interest point while ignoring their potential integral information, such as spatial distribution information. By combining local spatio-temporal feature and global positional distribution information (PDI) of interest points, a novel motion descriptor is proposed in this paper. The proposed method detects interest points by using an improved interest point detection method. Then, 3-dimensional scale-invariant feature transform (3D SIFT) descriptors are extracted for every interest point. In order to obtain a compact description and efficient computation, the principal component analysis (PCA) method is utilized twice on the 3D SIFT descriptors of single frame and multiple frames. Simultaneously, the PDI of the interest points are computed and combined with the above features. The combined features are quantified and selected and finally tested by using the support vector machine (SVM) recognition algorithm on the public KTH dataset. The testing results have showed that the recognition rate has been significantly improved and the proposed features can more accurately describe human motion with high adaptability to scenarios.