Tariffs and trade bargaining: anglo-scandinavian economic relations in the 1930s

Tim Rooth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


The British trade agreements programme of the 1930s was a striking example of the power which a major importer can exert over suppliers. After the introduction of full-scale protection in the winter of 1931–2, the UK made a series of treaties with its main suppliers of primary produce, pacts aimed principally at obtaining privileges for British exports. The countries selected for trade negotiations were exclusively exporters of primary products and in no case included a major industrial power. All were unequal partners in the sense that they were far more dependent on the British market than Britain on theirs, and most also ran trade surpluses with the UK. Both these factors, it may be argued, gave the larger power a strong bargaining hand, and this may have been enhanced by relative factor immobility in smaller countries with less diversified economic structures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe disintegration of the world economy between the world wars. Vol. 2
EditorsM. Thomas
Place of PublicationCheltenham
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Number of pages1268
ISBN (Print)9781852789862
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1996


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