Team-referent attributions among sport performers

I. Greenlees, A. Lane, Richard Thelwell, T. Holder, G. Hobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this study was to develop and validate a team-referent attribution scale. Conducted over three studies, Study 1 modified items from McAuley, Duncan, and Russell's (1992) Causal Dimension Scale II by rewording items to reflect team attributions and adding one item per factor. This led to the development of a 16-item scale (Causal Dimension Scale-T, CDS-T). Study 2 tested competing models of attribution theory among a sample of 433 team sport players. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated strongest support for a four-factor model (robust comparative fit index = .961; root mean squared error of approximation = .054). Study 3 tested the predictive validity of the scale among a sample of 201 team players. Results indicated that winners reported more internal and stable attributions than losers. Further, performances perceived as successful were associated with stable attributions. The results of the study, therefore, suggest that the CDS-T provides a valid measure of team-referent attributions in sport.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-487
Number of pages11
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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