Testing Einstein gravity with cosmic growth and expansion

Gong-Bo Zhao, Hong Li, Eric V. Linder, Kazuya Koyama, David J. Bacon, Xinmin Zhang

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We test Einstein gravity using cosmological observations of both expansion and structure growth, including the latest data from supernovae (Union2.1), CMB (WMAP7), weak lensing (CFHTLS) and peculiar velocity of galaxies (WiggleZ). We fit modified gravity parameters of the generalized Poisson equations simultaneously with the effective equation of state for the background evolution, exploring the covariances and model dependence. The results show that general relativity is a good fit to the combined data. Using a Padé approximant form for the gravity deviations accurately captures the time and scale dependence for theories like ƒ (R) and DGP gravity, and weights high and low redshift probes fairly. For current observations, cosmic growth and expansion can be fit simultaneously with little degradation in accuracy, while removing the possibility of bias from holding one aspect fixed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review D
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2012


  • astro-ph.CO
  • gr-qc
  • hep-ph


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