The α-dystrobrevins play a key role in maintaining the structure and function of the extracellular matrix–significance for protein elimination failure arteriopathies

Matthew Macgregor Sharp, Jordan Cassidy, Thomas Thornton, James Lyles, Abby Keable, Maureen Gatherer, Masato Yasui, Yoichiro Abe, Shinsuke Shibata, Roy O. Weller, Dariusz C. Górecki, Roxana O. Carare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The extracellular matrix (ECM) of the cerebral vasculature provides a pathway for the flow of interstitial fluid (ISF) and solutes out of the brain by intramural periarterial drainage (IPAD). Failure of IPAD leads to protein elimination failure arteriopathies such as cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). The ECM consists of a complex network of glycoproteins and proteoglycans that form distinct basement membranes (BM) around different vascular cell types. Astrocyte endfeet that are localised against the walls of blood vessels are tethered to these BMs by dystrophin associated protein complex (DPC). Alpha-dystrobrevin (α-DB) is a key dystrophin associated protein within perivascular astrocyte endfeet; its deficiency leads to a reduction in other dystrophin associated proteins, loss of AQP4 and altered ECM. In human dementia cohorts there is a positive correlation between dystrobrevin gene expression and CAA. In the present study, we test the hypotheses that (a) the positive correlation between dystrobrevin gene expression and CAA is associated with elevated expression of α-DB at glial-vascular endfeet and (b) a deficiency in α-DB results in changes to the ECM and failure of IPAD. We used human post-mortem brain tissue with different severities of CAA and transgenic α-DB deficient mice. In human post-mortem tissue we observed a significant increase in vascular α-DB with CAA (CAA vrs. Old p < 0.005, CAA vrs. Young p < 0.005). In the mouse model of α-DB deficiency, there was early modifications to vascular ECM (collagen IV and BM thickening) that translated into reduced IPAD efficiency. Our findings highlight the important role of α-DB in maintaining structure and function of ECM, particularly as a pathway for the flow of ISF and solutes out of the brain by IPAD.
Original languageEnglish
Article number171
Number of pages15
JournalActa Neuropathologica Communications
Volume9
Issue number1
Early online date21 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • UKRI
  • MRC
  • MRC/G9901400
  • MRC U.1052.00.0013

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The α-dystrobrevins play a key role in maintaining the structure and function of the extracellular matrix–significance for protein elimination failure arteriopathies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this