The 2MASS Redshift Survey: description and data release

John P. Huchra, Lucas M. Macri, Karen L. Masters, Thomas H. Jarrett, Perry Berlind, Michael Calkins, Aidan C. Crook, Roc Cutri, Pirin Erdogdu, Emilio Falco, Teddy George, Conrad M. Hutcheson, Ofer Lahav, Jeff Mader, Jessica D. Mink, Nathalie Martimbeau, Stephen Schneider, Michael Skrutskie, Susan Tokarz, Michael Westover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present the results of the 2MASS Redshift Survey (2MRS), a ten-year project to map the full three-dimensional distribution of galaxies in the nearby universe. The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) was completed in 2003 and its final data products, including an extended source catalog (XSC), are available online. The 2MASS XSC contains nearly a million galaxies with Ks <= 13.5 mag and is essentially complete and mostly unaffected by interstellar extinction and stellar confusion down to a galactic latitude of |b| = 5° for bright galaxies. Near-infrared wavelengths are sensitive to the old stellar populations that dominate galaxy masses, making 2MASS an excellent starting point to study the distribution of matter in the nearby universe. We selected a sample of 44,599 2MASS galaxies with Ks <= 11.75 mag and |b| >= 5° (>=8° toward the Galactic bulge) as the input catalog for our survey. We obtained spectroscopic observations for 11,000 galaxies and used previously obtained velocities for the remainder of the sample to generate a redshift catalog that is 97.6% complete to well-defined limits and covers 91% of the sky. This provides an unprecedented census of galaxy (baryonic mass) concentrations within 300 Mpc. Earlier versions of our survey have been used in a number of publications that have studied the bulk motion of the Local Group, mapped the density and peculiar velocity fields out to 50 h-1 Mpc, detected galaxy groups, and estimated the values of several cosmological parameters. Additionally, we present morphological types for a nearly complete sub-sample of 20,860 galaxies with Ks <= 11.25 mag and |b| >= 10°.
Original languageEnglish
Article number26
Pages (from-to)26
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
Issue number2
Early online date14 Mar 2012
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


  • catalogs
  • galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • surveys


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