The AGEL Survey: spectroscopic confirmation of strong gravitational lenses in the DES and DECaLS fields selected using convolutional neural networks

Kim-Vy H. Tran, Anishya Harshan, Karl Glazebrook, Vasan G. C. Keerthi, Tucker Jones, Colin Jacobs, Glenn G. Kacprzak, Tania M. Barone, Thomas E. Collett, Anshu Gupta, Astrid Henderson, Lisa J. Kewley, Sebastian Lopez, Themiya Nanayakkara, Ryan L. Sanders, Sarah M. Sweet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present spectroscopic confirmation of candidate strong gravitational lenses using the Keck Observatory and Very Large Telescope as part of our ASTRO 3D Galaxy Evolution with Lenses (AGEL) survey. We confirm that 1) search methods using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) with visual inspection successfully identify strong gravitational lenses and 2) the lenses are at higher redshifts relative to existing surveys due to the combination of deeper and higher resolution imaging from DECam and spectroscopy spanning optical to near-infrared wavelengths. We measure 104 redshifts in 77 systems selected from a catalog in the DES and DECaLS imaging fields (rz_defl), and 15 lenses with a spectroscopic redshift for either the deflector (z_defl>0.21) or source (z_src>1.34). For the 68 lenses, the deflectors and sources have average redshifts and standard deviations of 0.58+/-0.14 and 1.92+/-0.59 respectively, and corresponding redshift ranges of (0.210.5 that are ideal for follow-up studies to track how mass density profiles evolve with redshift. Our goal with AGEL is to spectroscopically confirm ~100 strong gravitational lenses that can be observed from both hemispheres throughout the year. The AGEL survey is a resource for refining automated all-sky searches and addressing a range of questions in astrophysics and cosmology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Publication statusAccepted for publication - 29 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • astro-ph.GA

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