The application of photography in investigating fraud

Paul Michael Gilmour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The impact of fraud on the world economy is significant. As fraud has evolved it has become more organized and increasingly cyber-enabled and committed across borders of law enforcement jurisdictions. The technological demands facing fraud investigators are increasing. Yet, little attention has been given to how forensic photography can help tackle emerging crime types, like fraud. This study reviews literature surrounding forensic photography and provides an up to date and collective narrative. This article focuses on the advancements in photography and how imaging-science techniques can apply to a fraud investigation. Photographic practice plays a key role in many crime investigations but must embrace continual change to ensure that it remains relevant to modern policing. Fresh approaches are essential and practitioners must fully utilize new technologies and adapt to tackle the increasingly demanding scope of fraud types.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalThe Imaging Science Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2019


  • fraud
  • forgery
  • UV/IR
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • hyperspectral imaging
  • remote sensing


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