The BASES Expert Statement on the use of cooling therapies for post exercise recovery

Adam Grainger*, James Malone, Joseph Costello, Chris M. Bleakley, Robert Allan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

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In a previous BASES Expert Statement, Howatson et al. (2016) described popular athletic recovery interventions, outlining their mechanisms of effect, and summarizing the strength of the supporting evidence base. Cooling therapies remain one of the most popular post exercise recovery strategies used by both
professional and recreational athletes. Cooling is purported to reduce blood flow and tissue temperature, which subsequently improves functional recovery and perception of muscle soreness. However, the practical application of cooling therapies varies (Allan et al., 2021), and some practitioners may be unaware of the
mechanistic rationale or the margins for safe application. There is also ongoing debate concerning the chronic use of cooling and its potential impact on long-term training adaptation. Using current evidence to outline when cold therapies could be employed, their key (psycho)physiological effects, and guidance on dose
considerations, this expert statement provides recommendations for using cooling therapies in post-exercise recovery.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Specialist publicationThe Sport and Exercise Scientist
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


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