1. Recognizing two decades of failure to achieve global goals and targets, parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity are in the final phase of negotiating a Post 2020 Global Biodiversity Framework for the conservation, sustainable use and benefit sharing of biodiversity. The framework attempts to set out pathways, goals, and targets for the next decade to achieve positive biodiversity change.
2. This perspective intends to help that framework set people firmly as part of nature, not apart from it. Despite work done thus far through four meetings, new thinking and focus is still needed on ‘what’ changes must be conceptualized and implemented - and ‘how’ those changes are to be delivered. To help achieve that new thinking, a broad range of people, many with a focus on aquatic systems, highlight six key foci that offer potential to strengthen delivery of the framework and break the ‘business as usual’ logjam.
3. These foci are: i) a reframing of the narrative of ‘people’s relationship with the rest of nature’ and emphasise the crucial role of Indigenous Peoples and Local
Communities in delivering positive biodiversity change; ii) moving beyond a focus
on species and places by prioritizing ecosystem function and resilience; iii) supporting a diversity of top-down and bottom-up governance processes; iv) embracing new technologies to make and measure progress; v) linking business better with biodiversity; and vi) leveraging the power of international agencies and programmes.
4. Given they are linked to a greater or lesser degree, implementing these six foci
together will lead to a much-needed broadening of the framework, especially those of business, broader urban civil society, and, Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPeople and Nature
Early online date6 Oct 2022
Publication statusEarly online - 6 Oct 2022


  • Convention on Biological Diversity (convention)
  • Post 2020 Global Biodiversity Framework
  • Biodiversity
  • Fisheries
  • aquatic foods


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