The effect of environment on Type Ia Supernovae in the Dark Energy Survey three-year cosmological sample

DES Collaboration, L. Kelsey, C. Frohmaier, M. Vincenzi, D. Bacon, D. Thomas

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Abstract

Analyses of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) have found puzzling correlations between their standardized luminosities and host galaxy properties: SNe Ia in high-mass, passive hosts appear brighter than those in lower mass, star-forming hosts. We examine the host galaxies of SNe Ia in the Dark Energy Survey 3-yr spectroscopically confirmed cosmological sample, obtaining photometry in a series of ‘local’ apertures centred on the SN, and for the global host galaxy. We study the differences in these host galaxy properties, such as stellar mass and rest-frame U − R colours, and their correlations with SN Ia parameters including Hubble residuals. We find all Hubble residual steps to be >3σ in significance, both for splitting at the traditional environmental property sample median and for the step of maximum significance. For stellar mass, we find a maximal local step of 0.098 ± 0.018 mag; ∼0.03 mag greater than the largest global stellar mass step in our sample (0.070 ± 0.017 mag). When splitting at the sample median, differences between local and global U − R steps are small, both ∼0.08 mag, but are more significant than the global stellar mass step (0.057 ± 0.017 mag). We split the data into sub-samples based on SN Ia light-curve parameters: stretch (x1) and colour (c), finding that redder objects (c > 0) have larger Hubble residual steps, for both stellar mass and U − R, for both local and global measurements, of ∼0.14 mag. Additionally, the bluer (star-forming) local environments host a more homogeneous SN Ia sample, with local U − R rms scatter as low as 0.084 ± 0.017 mag for blue (c < 0) SNe Ia in locally blue U − R environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4861–4876
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume501
Issue number4
Early online date21 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • astro-ph.CO
  • astro-ph.GA
  • surveys
  • supernovae: general
  • distance scale
  • cosmology: observations
  • UKRI
  • STFC
  • ST/P006760/1
  • ST/R000506/1

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