The entertaining enemy: ‘Gypsy’ in popular culture in an age of securitization

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This chapter explores the relationship between popular culture and discourses of securitization by examining the trend of ‘the Gypsy’ in reality television. Notions such as ‘suspect communities’ (Bigo 2002), people as ‘existential threats’, and the need for ‘exceptional measures’ (Balzacq 2011) are all concepts used in securitisation studies and are also circulated in popular television shows that include Roma minorities. The conflation of ‘security threat’ with ‘entertaining Gypsy’ characters in such shows highlights the particular mode of securitization used in current popular culture outputs. This chapter shows how the logic of security can be used to ‘sell’ popular representations of Roma, revealing the system of beliefs about ‘the Gypsy’ as an entertaining enemy that are perpetuated by this political economy at a time of securitization.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Securitization of the Roma in Europe
EditorsHuub van Baar, Ana Ivasiuc, Regina Kreide
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
ISBN (Electronic)978-3319770352
ISBN (Print)978-3319770345
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2018

Publication series

NameHuman Rights Intervention
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan


  • reality television
  • popular culture
  • celebrity
  • Gypsy
  • Roma
  • representations
  • cultural studies
  • Othering
  • essentialism
  • entertainment
  • securitization
  • class
  • gender


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