The European extreme right: in search of respectability? In search of respectability?

Emmanuel Godin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This chapter discusses the hate crime problem in Canada, and examines the challenges faced by law enforcement and the legal communities when dealing with hate crimes. In the United States the term “hate crime” was first coined in the mid-1980s with reference to crimes and incidents directed at specific ethnic and other identifiable groups. In Canada, hate crime is dealt with in Sections 318, 319, and 320 of the Canadian Criminal Code. Canadian legislation requires the police officer to obtain written consent from the Attorney General in order to proceed with charges under the hate crime laws. The fact that only a handful of people in Canada have been prosecuted under hate crime legislation since the 1970s speaks volumes about the legal issues facing the Canadian judicial system. Communities, and members of the judiciary, must speak out against intolerance, racism, and hate crime.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge International Handbook on Hate Crime
EditorsNathan Hall, Abbee Corb, Paul Giannasi, John G. D. Grieve
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780203578988
ISBN (Print)9780415818902, 9781138303539
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2014


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