The evolution of active galactic nuclei in clusters of galaxies from the Dark Energy Survey

E. Bufanda, D. Hollowood, T. E. Jeltema, E. S. Rykoff, E. Rozo, P. Martini, T. M. C. Abbott, F. B. Abdalla, S. Allam, M. Banerji, A. Benoit-Levy, E. Bertin, D. Brooks, A. Carnero Rosell, M. Carrasco Kind, J. Carretero, C. E. Cunha, L. N. da Costa, S. Desai, H. T. DiehlJ. P. Dietrich, A. E. Evrard, A. Fausti Neto, B. Flaugher, J. Frieman, D. W. Gerdes, D. A. Goldstein, D. Gruen, R. A. Gruendl, G. Gutierrez, K. Honscheid, D. J. James, K. Kuehn, N. Kuropatkin, M. Lima, M. A. G. Maia, J. L. Marshall, P. Melchior, R. Miquel, J. J. Mohr, R. Ogando, A. A. Plazas, A. K. Romer, P. Rooney, E. Sanchez, B. Santiago, V. Scarpine, I. Sevilla-Noarbe, R. C. Smith, D. Thomas, Dark Energy Survey Collaboration

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The correlation between active galactic nuclei (AGN) and environment provides important clues to AGN fueling and the relationship of black hole growth to galaxy evolution. In this paper, we analyze the fraction of galaxies in clusters hosting AGN as a function of redshift and cluster richness for X-ray detected AGN associated with clusters of galaxies in Dark Energy Survey (DES) Science Verification data. The present sample includes 33 AGN with L_X > 10^43 ergs s^-1 in non-central, host galaxies with luminosity greater than 0.5 L* from a total sample of 432 clusters in the redshift range of 0.1z 0.7. This result is in good agreement with previous work and parallels the increase in star formation in cluster galaxies over the same redshift range. However, the AGN fraction in clusters is observed to have no significant correlation with cluster mass. Future analyses with DES Year 1 through Year 3 data will be able to clarify whether AGN activity is correlated to cluster mass and will tightly constrain the relationship between cluster AGN populations and redshift.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2531-2539
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Early online date13 Dec 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017


  • astro-ph.HE
  • astro-ph.GA
  • galaxies: active
  • X-rays: galaxies
  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters
  • RCUK
  • STFC


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