This article reviews and evaluates the evolution of coastal management policy in Israel since 1948. It is argued that a sectoral approach to coastal management, based on the land use planning system, has proved to be of limited effectiveness. An upsurge of political interest in coastal management, evident in Israel since the late-1990s, is explained, and associated policy proposals evaluated. It is concluded that while significant challenges remain, Israel has an opportunity to take a decisive step towards a more effective coastal management policy framework. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Integrated coastal management
- Non-governmental organisations
- Political will