The in vivo effect of a porous titanium alloy flange with hydroxyapatite, silver and fibronectin coatings on soft-tissue integration of intraosseous transcutaneous amputation prostheses

M. Chimutengwende-Gordon, C. Pendegrass, G. W. Blunn

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Abstract

Aims: The Intraosseous Transcutaneous Amputation Prosthesis (ITAP) may improve quality of life for amputees by avoiding soft-tissue complications associated with socket prostheses and by improving sensory feedback and function. It relies on the formation of a seal between the soft tissues and the implant and currently has a flange with drilled holes to promote dermal attachment. Despite this, infection remains a significant risk. This study explored alternative strategies to enhance soft-tissue integration.

Materials and methods: The effect of ITAP pins with a fully porous titanium alloy flange with interconnected pores on soft-tissue integration was investigated. The flanges were coated with fibronectin-functionalised hydroxyapatite and silver coatings, which have been shown to have an antibacterial effect, while also promoting viable fibroblast growth in vitro. The ITAP pins were implanted along the length of ovine tibias, and histological assessment was undertaken four weeks post-operatively.

Results: The porous titanium alloy flange reduced epithelial downgrowth and increased soft-tissue integration compared with the current drilled flange. The addition of coatings did not enhance these effects.

Conclusion: These results indicate that a fully porous titanium alloy flange has the potential to increase the soft-tissue seal around ITAP and reduce susceptibility to infection compared with the current design. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:393-400.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-400
Number of pages8
JournalBone & Joint Research
Volume99-B
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • alloys
  • amputation stumps
  • animals
  • artificial limbs
  • coated materials, biocompatible
  • durapatite
  • fibronectins
  • materials testing
  • osseointegration
  • porosity
  • prosthesis design
  • prosthesis fitting
  • prosthesis-related infections
  • sheep
  • silver
  • surface properties
  • titanium

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