The importance of the cosmic web and halo substructure for power spectra

Francesco Pace, Marc Manera, David J. Bacon, Robert Crittenden, Will J. Percival

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In this work we study the relevance of the cosmic web and substructures on the matter and lensing power spectra measured from halo mock catalogues extracted from the N-body simulations. Since N-body simulations are computationally expensive, it is common to use faster methods that approximate the dark matter field as a set of halos. In this approximation, we replace mass concentrations in N-body simulations by a spherically symmetric Navarro-Frenk-White halo density profile. We also consider the full mass field as the sum of two distinct fields: dark matter halos ($M>9\times 10^{12}~M_{\odot}$/h) and particles not included into halos. Mock halos reproduce well the matter power spectrum, but underestimate the lensing power spectrum on large and small scales. For sources at $z_{\rm s}=1$ the lensing power spectrum is underestimated by up to 40% at $\ell\approx 10^4$ with respect to the simulated halos. The large scale effect can be alleviated by combining the mock catalogue with the dark matter distribution outside the halos. In addition, to evaluate the contribution of substructures we have smeared out the intra-halo substructures in a N-body simulation while keeping the halo density profiles unchanged. For the matter power spectrum the effect of this smoothing is only of the order of 5%, but for lensing substructures are much more important: for $\ell\approx 10^4$ the internal structures contribute 30% of the total spectrum. These findings have important implications in the way mock catalogues have to be created, suggesting that some approximate methods currently used for galaxy surveys will be inadequate for future weak lensing surveys.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-723
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2015


  • astro-ph.CO
  • gravitational lensing: weak
  • methods: analytical
  • methods: numerical
  • methods: statistical
  • cosmology: theory
  • large-scale structure of Universe
  • ST/H002774/1
  • ST/I001204/1
  • RCUK
  • STFC


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