The influence of rolling temperature on texture evolution and variant selection during α → β → α phase transformation in Ti-6Al-4V

G. C. Obasi, S. Birosca, D. G. Leo Prakash, J. Quinta Da Fonseca, M. Preuss*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The role of starting texture in variant selection has been studied during α → β → α transformation in Ti-6Al-4V. By hot rolling at different temperatures followed by recrystallization, material with either a strong basal texture or a strong transverse texture was generated. Subsequently, both conditions were heat-treated above the β transus followed by slow cooling. The degree of variant selection was assessed by comparing the strength of the measured and predicted α texture from high temperature β texture, assuming equal occurrence of all possible variants during β → α transformation. It was found that, even though the material rolled originally at 800 °C displayed a stronger α texture after β heat treatment, it was the material rolled originally at 950 °C that showed greater variant selection. The variant selection mechanism is discussed in terms of the generated β texture and common 〈1 1 0〉 poles in neighbouring β grains selecting a similar α variant on both sides of the prior β grain boundary. Predictions of possible 〈1 1 0〉 pole misorientation distributions for the two investigated β textures showed that the combination of texture components generated during rolling Ti-6Al-4V at 950 °C increases the likelihood of having β grain pairs with closely aligned (1 1 0) planes compared to rolling at 800 °C. Therefore, it can be proposed that avoiding the generation of certain combinations of β texture components during thermomechanical processing has the potential for reducing variant selection during subsequent β heat treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6013-6024
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number17
Early online date31 Aug 2012
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012


  • Rolling temperature
  • Texture evolution
  • Ti-6Al-4V
  • Variant selection


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