The molecular and clinical role of Tensin 1/2/3 in cancer

Laurensius Mainsiouw, Matthew Ryan, Sassan Hafizi, Jason C. Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

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Abstract

Tensin 1 was originally described as a focal adhesion adaptor protein, playing a role in extracellular matrix and cytoskeletal interactions. Three other Tensin proteins were subsequently discovered, and the family was grouped as Tensin. It is now recognised that these proteins interact with multiple cell signalling cascades that are implicated in tumorigenesis. To understand the role of Tensin 1-3 in neoplasia, current molecular evidence is categorised by the hallmarks of cancer model. Additionally, clinical data involving Tensin 1-3 was reviewed to investigate the correlation between cellular effects and clinical phenotype. Tensin proteins commonly interact with the tumour suppressor, DLC1. The ability of Tensin to promote tumour progression is directly correlated with DLC1 expression. Members of the Tensin family appear to have tumour subtype-dependent effects on oncogenesis; despite numerous data evidencing a tumour suppressor role for Tensin 2, association of Tensins 1-3 with an oncogenic role notably in colorectal carcinoma and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is of potential clinical relevance. The complex interplay between these focal adhesion adaptor proteins and signalling pathways are discussed to provide an up to date review of their role in cancer biology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Early online date9 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online - 9 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Tensin
  • TNS1
  • TNS2
  • TNS3
  • cancer
  • neoplasm
  • signalling

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